No 1 (2013) Abstracts

Dear readers,

The underpinning theme of AMK-lehti//UAS Journal online publication in 2013 will be campuses of a new type, both physically and virtually, and the multidisciplinary cooperation between universities of applied sciences and companies that these campuses enable.

Instead of conventional institutional buildings, the campuses are novel and innovative learning environments that facilitate encounters between students in different fields of study, specialists and representatives of businesses and industry. The facility solutions will increasingly be designed to accommodate multiple purposes, and their key objective will be to provide a positive learning atmosphere, comfort and easy-to-use technologies. In this issue, we will also look at campus building projects from the perspective of sustainable development, including ecological building.

The subjects of our referee and specialist articles will include developing cooperation related to work placements between universities of applied sciences and workplaces. Survey results focus on the supervision of students’ work placements, the role of the teacher and the employer partners’ views of the work placements. Current news items cover KÄRKI award winning RDI projects. Each project deals with research and development conducted by universities of applied sciences to serve the needs of business and industry. The new section of the Journal, Videos, relates the history behind Biolan Ltd’s innovative facilities.

The next issue of AMK-lehti//UAS-Journal, which will come out in May 2013, will focus on campuses, learning environments and development experiments in Northern Finland.

Here you can find all the abstracts in english. We hope you will enjoy reading our publication!

Editor-in-Chief Riitta Rissanen (Savonia University of Applied Sciences) and Theme Issue Editor Mauri Kantola (Turku University of Applied Sciences)


Campuses are a vital part of structural renewal

President Juha Kettunen, Turku University of Applied Sciences, juha.kettunen@turkuamk.fi

Activities of universities of applied sciences should be centralised around campuses, in the design and building of which the profile, pedagogical requirements and the constantly evolving teaching technology of universities of applied sciences should be taken into account. The facilities and furniture should be adaptable. In addition to lecture halls and classrooms, rooms for group work and facilities that open out beyond the higher education institution are needed.

Peer-reviewed Articles

Role of the nurse teacher in clinical training perceived by health care students

Principal Lecturer Mikko Saarikoski, D. H. Sc., Docent (Turku University), Turku University of Applied Sciences, mikko.saarikoski@turkuamk.fi
Senior Nursing Instructor Katja Luojus, D. H. Sc., Pirkanmaa Hospital District, Katja.Luojus@pshp.fi
Senior Nurse Minna Taam-Ukkonen, MHS, Pohjois-Savo Hospital District, Minna.Taam-Ukkonen@kuh.fi
Teaching Coordinator Tiina Tarr, MHS, Hospital District of Southwest Finland, Tiina.Tarr@tyks.fi
Head of Development Riitta Meretoja, D. H. Sc., Docent (Turku University), Hospital District of Helsinki and Uusimaa, Riitta.Meretoja@hus.fi

This survey type study explores how nursing students perceive their nurse teaches’ role during their clinical training periods. The research data (N=2018), was collected in three Finnish hospital districts, and it serves as a part of a systematic quality assurance system, which monitors students’ clinical training periods. The data was analysed statistically.

The students evaluated their nurse teachers’ role mainly positively. The majority of respondents (57%) also felt that theoretical teaching before the training period contributed well to their learning during the placement. The students who had had a final evaluation session in which took part both the nurse teacher and the clinical staff nurse mentor considered all three role dimensions of the nurse teacher to be good or very good. The role of the nurse teacher is particularly remarkable in the final evaluation session of the training period. This can be clearly seen in an alternative situation where the final evaluation session is held only between the nurse teacher and the student. In a situation like this, the students considered the comprehensive role of the teacher to be more significant than those students who had had the final evaluation session held only with the staff nurse mentor.

Key words

health care education, clinical training, nursing student, nurse teacher


Sustainable development through smart campuses

Senior Lecturer, Project Director Asko Kippo, Lic. Sc.(Tech.), Metropolia University of Applied Sciences, asko.kippo@metropolia.fi
Project Manager Veikko Koivumaa, M.Sc. (Eng.), Metropolia University of Applied Sciences, veikko.koivumaa@metropolia.fi
Specialist, RDI and learning, Tiina Rautkorpi, D. Soc. Sc., Metropolia University of Applied Sciences,tiina.rautkorpi@metropolia.fi

The article describes the two campuses of Metropolia University of Applied Sciences, which jointly serve more than 5,000 people in total, and the EU-funded Smart Campus RDI project associated with them. Leppävaara is located in the City of Espoo and Myyrmäki in the City of Vantaa. The campuses have traditionally engaged in active cooperation with business and industry, and Smart Campus is another step in a continuum of sustainable development projects. In addition to project-based teaching, it is linked to Metropolia’s mentality emphasising action research and customer orientation which aims to activate the students, teachers and business and industry partners to take more control of the way Metropolia University of Applied Sciences works. The project set out to develop pilots that improve the energy efficiency, learning environments, service provision and logistic solutions of the campuses. This is carried out in cooperation with businesses by devising sensitive smart applications that simultaneously react to the various dimensions of the operational environment, giving the user immediate information and feedback in each situation. This alerts the actors themselves to evaluate and control their own behaviour and consumer habits.

Kupittaa campus – a sustainable building as an attraction

Making innovation pedagogy visible in a new learning environment

Principal Lecturer Jouko Lehtonen, Dr. Sc. (Tech.), Turku University of Applied Sciences, jouko.lehtonen@turkuamk.fi
Project Coordinator Sonja Vikberg, M. Sc. (Econ.), Turku University of Applied Sciences, sonja.vikberg@turkuamk.fi

Plans are afoot to erect the new campus building of Turku University of Applied Sciences in Kupittaa. The suggested campus visions include a learning environment that monitors itself and its functions and that will be refurbished from time to time, for example by means of the latest building services, to ensure that the building will provide an adequately interesting environment for learning and research. The new building is projected to create a new type of innovative learning environment that will offer good working conditions for both the students and the staff. The staff took part in conceptualising the campus in a total of 18 different working groups.

Learning Centre Fellmannia – Shared activities and sustainable development in Lahti

Information Specialist Johanna Kiviluoto, Päijät-Häme Educational Consortium, Information and library services, johanna.kiviluoto@phkk.fi
Head of Information Management Sirkku Blinnikka, Päijät-Häme Educational Consortium, Information and library services, sirkku.blinnikka @phkk.fi

Fellmannia is a learning centre of a new era opened in the city centre of Lahti in August 2011. Its innovative, multi-disciplinary service concept is delivered in cooperation with Lahti University of Applied Sciences (LAMK), members from Lahti University Consortium and Salpaus Further Education College. The operating concept of Fellmannia incorporates both physical and virtual learning environments, in addition to which students of various fields, specialists and workplace representatives are brought together by various development and cooperation projects. This culture of shared activities is one of the most characteristic features of Fellmannia.

HAMK and Innopark: Hämeenlinna University Centre as an innovation cluster and an engine of development for the HHT growth corridor in a changing operating environment

Managing Director Mikko Koivulehto, Technology Centre Innopark Ltd., mikko.koivulehto@innopark.fi

The HHT growth corridor is the zone linking Helsinki, Hämeenlinna and Tampere. This is the only growth corridor in Finland where the population, services and urban structure meet international standards. Hämeenlinna’s position in a central location as part of this dynamic corridor has been a driver of the town’s positive development throughout the 2000’s. Key factors for future economic growth in Hämeenlinna subregion will be intangible investments in education and R&D activities as well as the resulting competence, networking and innovations.

As a response to future challenges, Hämeenlinna has launched the development of a Higher Education Centre on the Visamäki Campus. The agreement on the Higher Education Centre was signed on 14 December 2011 between the City of Hämeenlinna, HAMK University of Applied Sciences, Technology Centre Innopark Ltd. and Häme Development Centre Ltd. This agreement established an innovation cluster with provincial, national and international dimensions for the HHT growth corridor. Through the Higher Education Centre, the entire area will be strongly profiled through its flagship themes, which will be supported by the following centres of expertise: Digital Life Lab (DLL), Sheet Metal Research and Higher Education Centre, Bioprocesses and Competence management and leadership. At the core of the Higher Education Centre will be joint development activities and interaction. Visamäki will be the base for a dynamic community of over 5,000 people, which will bring together researchers, teachers, students, developers and companies.

The change in the operating environment in Hämeenlinna subregion has brought to the fore cooperation, profiling of the area, innovation activities, growth enterprises and internationality. The Higher Education Centre will offer better possibilities for developing all these than what has been seen in the province ever before.


Hämeenlinna, HHT growth corridor, Higher Education Centre, innovation cluster, Technology Centre Innopark Ltd., HAMK University of Applied Sciences, Visamäki Campus

Porvoo Campus – a forerunner of learning

Director Iris Wiitakorpi, Laurea University of Applied Sciences, iris.wiitakorpi@laurea.fi
Director Lis-Marie Enroth-Niemi, HAAGA-HELIA University of Applied Sciences, lis-marie.enroth-niemi@haaga-helia.fi

The Porvoo Campus will be the shared meeting point and learning environment for two universities of applied sciences (HAAGA-HELIA and Laurea) which play an important role in the area. The architecture of the campus will enhance openness and facilitate spontaneous encounters. This will naturally and flexibly facilitate multi-disciplinary cooperation between the fields of study of the universities of applied sciences. The institutions will share not only modern facilities but also joint activities and contacts with other organisations in the area. This will motivate the students in their learning and the staff in making new pedagogical openings. The campus will additionally serve as an example of high-quality activities that are also cost-effective.

Feevale Campus and the Concert Hall

Paula Casari Cundari, PhD, Journalist, Lawyer and Professor In the Social Communication College and  Director of International Affairs of Feevale University, Brazil, paulacc@feevale.br

The article describes in which ways Feevale University is committed to the production of scientific knowledge applied to regional development, being attentive to the social demand for a privilege space for culture. Feevale Theater was built in 2011 with the purpose of transcending the conventional areas of education. It is also a place to be used to cultural exchange among partners universities and it would certainly be a highly enriching cooperation through the indelible bounds of culture.


Feevale University, Feevale Theater, arts, culture, education

Arcada – A Place For Space

Vice President Camilla Wikström-Grotell, Arcada, cwg@arcada.fi 
Development Manager Tore Ståhl, M.A, Arcada
Principal Lecturer Ellinor Silius-Ahonen, Ph.D., Arcada

This article describes how Arcada and Arcada Campus came about and developed. The importance of the interaction between learning and various physical, virtual and social environments are highlighted. Concepts as the classroom and presence distance are reflected.  Finally the Arcada brand – A place for space and the university as an innovation arena are presented.


dialog, interactive learning, physical, social and virtual environment, brand

Development Project of RDI Work and Teaching: Results, Challenges and Recommendations

Principal Lecturer Anneli Sarajärvi, PhD, Metropolia University of Applied Sciences, anneli.sarajarvi@metropolia.fi
Researcher/Lecturer Marja Salmela, PhD, Metropolia University of Applied Sciences, marja.salmela@metropolia.fi
Elina Eriksson, PhD, Docent, Director. Metropolia University of Applied Sciences, elina.eriksson@metropolia.fi

The purpose of this article is to describe a development project focusing on the integration of Research, Development and Innovation (RDI) and teaching as well as present development challenges and recommendations to develop them. The objective was to develop the integration of RDI and teaching, provide alternative practices and employ new methods for implementing RDI work and teaching in health care education and in the workplace. In the initial phase, an action plan was produced to integrate RDI and teaching. It was based on teachers’ interviews, which were then analyzed by content analysis. Based on the results, we set objectives for the pilot programme. After the implementation of the pilot, we collected experience knowledge from the participating teachers and students. The obtained results provided a basis for the recommendations to develop the integration of RDI work and teaching.

Key words

research and development, integration, developing education

Student guidance, strategic targeting of cooperation and long-term planning as challenges in training cooperation

Researcher Maarit Virolainen, M. Soc. Sc., Finnish Institute for Educational Research, University of Jyväskylä, maarit.ha.virolainen@jyu.fi
Manager of Educational Services Mauri Kantola, Turku University of Applied Sciences, mauri.kantola@turkuamk.fi
Professor, research team leader Marja-Leena Stenström, D. Soc. Sc., the Finnish Institute for Educational Research, University of Jyväskylä, marja-leena.stenstrom@jyu.fi

Work placements are a key form of cooperation between universities of applied sciences and business and industry. The article examines the results of a survey directed at the employer partners of work placement activities as part of the Leonardo da Vinci project DEQU (Development of Elements for Quality Assurance within Practice Oriented Higher Education). The survey targeted employers providing work placements in the social and health care sector. The study also discusses the challenges of developing work placements at universities of applied sciences.

Developing catering services in universities of applied sciences

Principal Lecturer Enni Mertanen, Ph.D., M. Ed., Jyväskylä University of Applied Sciences, enni.mertanen@jamk.fi
Senior Lecturer Karoliina Väisänen, M. Sc. (Food Science), Jyväskylä University of Applied Sciences, karoliina.vaisanen@jamk.fi

Over the last few decades, Finnish universities of applied sciences have provided education for managerial and supervisory positions in the catering industry. No university level education for managing catering services is available in Finland. However, the forthcoming reductions in the intake of university of applied sciences level education in the field of tourism, catering and domestic services may considerably undermine education in the sector. This article describes the means universities of applied sciences have at their disposal for developing catering services in Finland.

Service competence cannot be developed in a classroom

Senior Lecturer Sanna-Mari Renfors, M. Soc. Sc., Faculty of Service Business, Satakunta University of Applied Sciences, sanna-mari.renfors@samk.fi
Senior Lecturer Vappu Salo, D. Sc. (Education), Faculty of Service Business, Satakunta University of Applied Sciences, vappu.salo@samk.fi

The article discusses a pedagogical solution used in Satakunta University of Applied Sciences that aims at developing the service competence of students studying for a Bachelor of Hospitality Management degree. The article describes the solution’s teaching method and learning assignments, in which the students’ own customer experiences obtained in authentic situations at work are used as learning situations. Finally, feedback collected from the students on their learning outcomes is discussed.

Key words

vocational competence, practical teaching, Bachelor of Hospitality Management, tourism sector


Theme days of research in vocational education and education at universities of applied sciences

The paper discusses notes and observations made during the theme days of vocational education and education at universities of applied sciences held in Tampere on 7-8 November 2012. The authors are students of vocational education at the University of Tampere.
The purpose of the theme days was to disseminate results of research in vocational education and education at universities of applied sciences and to facilitate the networking of actors. The main theme was Values in transformation.

Cultural dimensions of vocational education

Pia Alasalmi, student (University of Tampere, vocational education)

An anthropological approach to vocational education brings a new dimension to bear on the subject: even if we have become closer culturally, the foundations of our societies still contain fundamental elements that determine the different ways in which we understand education. The theme days were opened by Katrin Kraus with her anthropological reflection. In comments heard afterwards, her paper was discussed from the perspective of the Finnish educational system, which was found to emphasise uniformity and be inflexible. On the other hand, it is dominated by a strong operating logic associated with occupations and earning an income, instead of renewing and continuous learning.

Student values 

Principal Lecturer Heidi Kassara, Lic. Sc. (Health), Tampere University of Applied Sciences

The session discussed the pedagogy of joy in vocational studies, realisation of values in multicultural groups and increasing the role of genuine workplace encounters in recognizing the student’s competence and serving as an expert of it. New perspectives to learning and teaching.

Interaction and power undergoing a change

Pia Alasalmi, student (University of Tampere, vocational education)
Principal Lecturer Heidi Kassara, Lic. Sc. (Health), Tampere University of Applied Sciences

The themes of the session were linked by the concept of power, but were also characterised by reflection on interaction in various situations and from the perspectives of different actors. At first, the participants talked about the power we do not talk about: while the counsellor may experience it as such, a guidance situation is not equal. In addition, authentic customer encounters as a learning environment for service competence were brought up. Interaction was also discussed from the angle of work performances: the significance of verbalisation, in particular, was cited as part of the way in which the workplace atmosphere is made up. The session also addressed the availability of guidance and, on the other hand, the availability of leadership: the first-mentioned has been promoted by bringing guidance services to shopping centres, while such as the use of social media has been considered in order to promote the latter.

Cross-cultural Understanding on the VET and Vocational Higher Education

Dong Seob Lee, student (University of Tampere, vocational education)
Principal Lecturer Heidi Kassara, Lic. Sc. (Health), Tampere University of Applied Sciences

The cultural diversity and internal variety of education is currently challenged by the unity of knowledge, skills and competences, showing converging reality at macro-level and divergent and heterogeneous character at the micro-level. The international session from Austria, Sweden, South Korea, Germany, Finland, Switzerland, and Japan unfolds the dynamic, complex picture of the reforms of VET, vocational higher education, labour market policies, and their curricula and contents. In addition, it makes it difficult to define unstable positions of institutions, professionals, and individual learners in the progress of industries from labor-intensive to capital-intensive, and ultimately to technology-intensive.

UAS Journal author statistics 2012

Online Communications Manager Lotta Linko, HAMK University of Applied Sciences, lotta.linko@hamk.fi

One aim of the UAS Journal is to disseminate information about research and development activities carried out in universities of applied science in order to spread awareness of our operating methods and their results and to make possible their regional exploitation in wider circles than by the authors alone. In other words, the online publication strives to promote regional and sectoral cooperation. The readers of the online publication represent the public sector, companies, various projects and networks – in addition to the universities of applied sciences themselves. The UAS Journal comes out four times a year.


A more close-knit educational network would also benefit the students

Board Member Toni Asikainen, the Union of Students in Finnish Universities of Applied Sciences SAMOK, toni.asikainen@samok.fi

In Finland, universities of applied sciences are operating in more than 50 municipalities and have nearly 150 campuses. The number of campuses will be discussed in early autumn as the operating licences of universities of applied sciences will come up for renewal. In many municipalities, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health recommendations on organising student health care are not met, nor are the health care services necessarily even followed up. This results in inequality between students. A more close-knit educational network would also improve the availability of health services, says Toni Asikainen, Board Member of the Union of Students in Finnish Universities of Applied Sciences (SAMOK).

Structural reform as a road to happiness – future outlook for Metropolia

Education Policy Expert Aku Aarva, Student Union of Metropolia University of Applied Sciences METKA, aku.aarva@metkaweb.fi

Metropolia University of Applied Sciences strives to respond to pressures for change by means of its campus strategy, under which the some 20 campuses of Metropolia will be centralised on four campuses by 2017. This reform will be a unique opportunity for Metropolia to develop its operating culture and to banish the ghosts of the past. Through a multi-disciplinary approach, genuine interaction and developing the role of the staff, the spirit of Metropolia can be harnessed to serve the community’s needs. Structural reform is not only about facilities. For more information on this, see for example SAMOK’s publication Toimiva korkeakoulukampus (A functioning higher education campus) from 2012.


Best practices awarded at a national RDI event in Hämeenlinna

Vice President Riitta Rissanen, Savonia University of Applied Sciences, riitta.rissanen@savonia.fi
Communications Manager Lea Mustonen, HAMK University of Applied Sciences, lea.mustonen@hamk.fi

The best research, development and innovation (RDI) practices of universities of applied sciences in 2012 have been announced. An award that encourages Finnish research and development in the field of services was presented for the third time at the national RDI event of universities of applied sciences in Hämeenlinna on 12 February 2013. The goal of this competition (Kärjet) is to improve the standard of RDI activities in universities of applied sciences and to contribute to defining RDI activities and their quality. In 2012, awards were presented in three categories: Applied research benefiting the world of work, International RDI activities and Development and reform of business and industry.

UAS Days 2013 Seminar in Turku

Sanni Rostedt, Project Coordinator, Turku university of Applied Science, sanni.rostedt@turkuamk.fi
Katri Salonen, Head of Regional Development, Turku university of Applied Science, katri.salonen@turkuamk.fi

We wish everyone warmly welcome to Turku to the traditional AMK-päivät (UAS Days) Seminar on May 14th–15th 2013. The seminar takes place at the brand new Logomo. The theme of the seminar in 2013 is “Innovation Bridge to Europe”, which will set a topical framework for the seminar contents.

In keeping with the theme, the invited speakers included innovative international names and interesting Finnish specialists. The programme also featured performances put on by the Arts Academy at Turku University of Applied Sciences, as well as entertainment in cultural centre Logomo, at a gala evening in Turku Castle and at the after-party. President of the Republic of Finland Sauli Niinistö is the patron of UAS Days 2013.

The total price of the seminar package is EUR 380 + VAT. The price includes the seminar, meals and joint transportation. For students the price is EUR 180 + VAT. The evening festivities are held at Turku Castle and the afterparty at Night Club Börs. Dinner card costs EUR 30 + VAT. All registrations are binding.

More information about the practical arrangements and programme on website www.amkpaivat.fi.

Registration closes April 12th 2013. After that, please contact sanni.rostedt@turkuamk.fi.


The energy-efficient Living Light house as an ambassador of good design

Senior Lecturer in Interior Design, SIO member Merita Soini, Metropolia University of Applied Sciences, merita.soini@metropolia.fi

In summer 2009, a group of students and teachers of design from Metropolia University of Applied Sciences went on a study visit to the University of Tennessee in Knoxville to build up their competence in model building. Coincidences, encounters and a shared interest in sustainable and energy-efficient building led to cooperation in the design of UT Zero prototype house. This multimedia presentation tells the story of international cooperation between two higher education institutions.

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